ANCHOREvents

Model events are based on the standard Node.js EventEmitter methods, and they support the same methods: on, once, removeListener, emit, etc.

ANCHORMutation events

Racer emits events whenever it mutates data via model.set(), model.push(), etc. It also emits events when data is remotely updated via a subscription. These events provide an entry point for an app to react to a specific data mutation or pattern of data mutations. The events might not be exactly the same as the methods that created them, since they can be transformed via OT.

model.on() and model.once() accept a second argument for these mutation events. The second argument is a path pattern that will filter emitted events, calling the handler function only when a mutator matches the pattern. Path patterns support a single segment wildcard (*) anywhere in a path, and a multi-segment wildcard (**) at the end of the path. The multi-segment wildcard alone ('**') matches all paths.

listener = model.on(method, path, [options], eventCallback)

  • method Name of the mutator method: 'change', 'insert', 'remove', 'move', 'load', 'unload', or 'all'
  • path Pattern matching the path being mutated. For example: '_page.user', 'users.*.name', 'users.*', 'users.**' / 'users**', or '**'. ** is valid only by itself or at the end of the path.
  • options (optional)
    • useEventObjects - If true, the callback is called with a structured event object instead of with a variable number of arguments. Introduced in racer@0.9.6.
  • eventCallback Function to call when a matching method and path are mutated
  • Returns listener - the listener function subscribed to the event emitter. This is the function that should be passed to model.removeListener

ANCHOReventCallback with {useEventObjects: true}

Introduced in racer@0.9.6.

eventCallback(event, captures)

  • event - Object - An instance of an Event object (see below)
  • captures - Array<string | string[]> - The captured path segments, one item per wildcard in the pattern. Each '*' results in a string, and a '**' results in a sub-array of strings.

Event objects:

ChangeEvent { value, previous, passed }

  • type: 'change'
  • value The current value at the path that was changed. Will be undefined for a deletion.
  • previous The previous value at the path. Will be undefined if the path was previously unset.

InsertEvent { index, values, passed }

  • type: 'insert'
  • index The index at which items were inserted
  • values An array of values that were inserted. Always an array, even if only one item was pushed, unshifted, or inserted.

RemoveEvent { index, removed, passed }

  • type: 'remove'
  • index The index at which items were removed
  • removed An array of values that were removed. Always an array, even if only one item was popped, shifted, or removed

MoveEvent { from, to, howMany, passed }

  • type: 'move'
  • from The index from which items were moved
  • to The index to which items were moved
  • howMany How many items were moved

LoadEvent { document, passed }

  • type: 'load'
  • document This event fires when a document is loaded via a subscription or fetch. This the value of the newly loaded document object.

UnloadEvent { previousDocument, passed }

  • type: 'unload'
  • previousDocument This event fires when a document is removed from the model via unsubscribe or unfetch. This is the value of the document object that was unloaded.

The event.type is useful for distinguising the actual event type when listening to 'all'.

// Matches model.push('messages', message)
model.on('insert', 'messages', {useEventObjects: true}, function(insertEvent) {
  console.log(insertEvent.values, 'inserted at index', insertEvent.index);
});

// Matches model.set('todos.4.completed', true), etc.
model.on('change', 'todos.*.completed', {useEventObjects: true}, function(changeEvent, captures) {
  console.log('todos.' + captures[0] + ' set to ' + changeEvent.value);
});

// Matches all events
model.on('all', '**', {useEventObjects: true}, function(event, captures) {
  var starStarSegments = captures[0];
  console.log(event.type + ' at ' + starStarSegments.join('.') + ':', event);
});

ANCHOReventCallback when useEventObjects is false or undefined

The event callback receives a number of arguments based on the path pattern and method. The arguments are:

eventCallback([captures...], [eventType], args..., passed)

  • captures The path segment or segments that is passed in only when matching wildcards in the path pattern
  • eventType Only the 'all' event adds the emitted event name after the captures and before the args
  • args Event specific arguments. See below
  • passed An object with properties provided via model.pass(). See description below

Callbacks for each event type:

changeCallback([captures...], value, previous, passed)

  • value The current value at the path that was changed. Will be undefined for objects that were deleted
  • previous The previous value at the path. Will be undefined for paths set for the first time

insertCallback([captures...], index, values, passed)

  • index The index at which items were inserted
  • values An array of values that were inserted. Always an array, even if only one item was pushed, unshifted, or inserted

removeCallback([captures...], index, removed, passed)

  • index The index at which items were removed
  • removed An array of values that were removed. Always an array, even if only one item was popped, shifted, or removed

moveCallback([captures...], from, to, howMany, passed)

  • from The index from which items were moved
  • to The index to which items were moved
  • howMany How many items were moved

loadCallback([captures...], document, passed)

  • document This event fires when a document is loaded via a subscription or fetch. It emits the value of the newly loaded document object

unloadCallback([captures...], previousDocument, passed)

  • previousDocument This event fires when a document is removed from the model via unsubscribe or unfetch. It emits the value of the document object that was unloaded
// Matches model.push('messages', message)
model.on('insert', 'messages', function(index, [message]) {
  ...
});

// Matches model.set('todos.4.completed', true), etc.
model.on('change', 'todos.*.completed', function(todoId, isComplete) {
  ...
});

// Matches all events - `path` and `event` are passed in to the event callback
model.on('all', '**', function(path, event, args...) {
  ...
});

ANCHORPassing data to event listeners

model.pass(object)

  • object An object whose properties will each be set on the passed argument

model.pass() can be chained before calling a mutator method to pass an argument to model event listeners. You must pass it an object with a property that identifies the name of the parameter.

This value is only passed to local listeners, and it is not sent to the server or other clients. It is typically used to identify the originator of a particular mutation so that multiple responses to the same change and infinite loops may be avoided. Such loops could occur for listeners that respond to paths that they may modify.

On a string insert or string remove mutation, a 'change' event is emitted, since strings are immutable values, and inserting or removing from a string requires changing its entire value. However, detail on what specifically was inserted or removed is neccessary to implement view bindings properly for realtime collaborative text editing. This additional information is added to the passed object. On a string insert, the passed object has an additional property of $stringInsert: {index: Number, text: String}. On a string remove, the passed object has an additional property of $stringRemove: {index: Number, howMany: Number}.

// Logs:
//   'red', {}
//   'green', {message: 'hi'}

model.on('change', 'color', function(value, previous, passed) {
  console.log(value, passed);
});
model.set('color', 'red');
model.pass({message: 'hi'}).set('color', 'green');
Edit on GitHub